Joules' CPR Lesson
It may be the last day of National Heart Month, but it’s not too late to set a goal to carry forward into spring!
As you know the Survival Squad have been setting their focuses on anything and everything First Aid and heart-related, the last member of the team to share their goals is CPR expert, Joules.
After Pulse has administered a potentially life-saving shock to the patient the squad is assisting, Joules is on hand to take over and start effective Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR). These two factors make up the definitive treatment for sudden cardiac arrest.
Joules aims to spread awareness on the essentials of CPR and how to perform it effectively.
Finding a casualty that is unresponsive and unconscious may seem like a daunting task, but it is important that you remain calm. The first step you need to take, providing you have checked that the area is free from danger, is to call for help.
Whether you find yourself in a location where you can easily attract the attention of a bystander, or are in a remote location but have resources such as a mobile phone to hand, it is important you utilise these resources and dial 999 or request someone to do this for you as quickly as possible.
When calling 999 it is vital you request an ambulance and advise that the casualty is non-breathing and unconscious.
After notifying the emergency services about the casualty, it is time to start CPR. Acting fast and efficiently will help to increase the patient’s chance of survival. For every minute a victim is without treatment, their survival chance decreases by 10% as vital organs, such as the brain, are starved of oxygenated blood.
To start CPR, you must place the heel of your hand in the centre of the casualty’s chest and your other hand directly on top of the other hand, interlocking your fingers.
Keeping your arms straight, press down on the patient’s chest by about 2 inches (5cm) and keep a steady rhythm for 30 compressions.
After delivering 30 compressions, two rescue breaths should be delivered if safe to do so. This is done by tilting the head back by lifting the chin with two fingers, pinch the patient’s nose and then breathe into their mouth twice firmly, for one second per breath. When delivering these breaths, be sure to watch the rise and fall of the patient’s chest to ensure the oxygen is being delivered through the breath.
After administrating rescue breaths, return to the chest compressions and continue to deliver this treatment on the ratio of 30 compressions to 2 rescue breaths until the EMS arrive or someone else is able to take over.
Be a Life Saver
Having an understanding of CPR and knowing how to effectively perform and apply the skill in cardiac emergencies can help to increase a casualty’s survival chance significantly and prevent damage to the organs by helping to keep the blood moving around the body and to the brain.
CPR also helps to keep the heart in a shockable rhythm, so that when a defibrillator arrives at the scene, it can be utilised to shock the patient’s heart back into a regular rhythm, potentially saving the patient’s life.
CPR is such a vital skill to obtain and can be done in a matter of hours on one of our Nationally Accredited Training Courses. If you’d like to take the step and achieve these skills with confidence, please don’t hesitate to contact the imperative team. Simply call 0845 071 0820 where one of our advisors will match you and your needs to the perfect training course.
Maybe, you’re already one step ahead of us and have already learnt life-saving First Aid. If you have, we would love to hear from you! Head on over to our Twitter page and Tweet us @imptraining and let us know what lead you to get your qualification.