12 Days of Christmas: Sprains & Strains with Santa Claus
Date: Thursday, 06 December 2018. -
The main man is here on day 4 of our Christmas first aid special: Santa Claus! He’s ho ho ho here to teach you all about sprains and strains, which are some of the most common first aid injuries.
A sprain is a muscle, ligament or tendon that has been twisted or torn, while a strain is a muscle that has been overstretched and partially torn. Both injuries can cause mild-severe pain, but can usually be treated at home.
What causes a sprain or strain?
Sprains are most commonly acquired through sports or exercising, primarily when your muscles are tired, or you have failed to warm up beforehand. The muscles will become overstretched, meaning that any sudden movements can lead to a tear.
In spite of this, sprains can happen in everyday situations, which is why us, and Santa, think it is essential to know how to treat this kind of injury. Simply changing direction too quickly, or falling in an awkward position can lead to a sprain or strain.
Santa climbs down so many chimneys on Christmas Eve, that there is a chance of him falling awkwardly as he lands and incurring a sprain or strain. So, it is vital that he knows how to treat this type of injury to complete his long list of trips.
Treating a sprain
The main indicators that you have sustained a sprain or strain is tenderness or weakness of the injured area, along with potential swelling or bruising.
Remembering the RICE acronym is essential when you experience a sprain or strain, as this will help you to make a full recovery and avoid any further damage.
Rest – Stop any exercise that you are doing and refrain from putting any weight on the injured area, advisably for 24-48 hours.
Ice – Apply an ice pack to the injury for 20 minutes every 2-3 hours, which will assist in reducing the pain and swelling.
Compression – Wrap a bandage around the sprain or strain to give extra support.
Elevate – Keep the injury raised above the level of your heart, to decrease pain and throbbing. You can do this by propping the injured area on a pillow.
After 2 weeks, most sprains will start to feel better. Strenuous exercise should be avoided for up to 8 weeks after your sprain injury. If your strain or sprain has not healed within this time-scale, then you may be recommended for physiotherapy to help your injury return to its normal state.
So, now you know how to help if someone around you suffers a sprain or strain, you might just make it onto Santa’s nice list!
Have a question about sprains or strains? Tweet us @ImpTraining and we’ll be happy to assist you.