12 Days of Christmas: Heart Attacks with Holly
Date: Tuesday, 11 December 2018. -
Holly is here to greet you on the seventh day of our Christmas first aid special and brings you her knowledge about heart attacks.
Sadly, someone suffers a heart attack every two minutes in the UK, which is why Holly is making it her mission this Christmas to spread the word about this condition and ensure that you know how to respond if someone around you experiences one.
A heart attack is caused by a blockage or clot in the coronary arteries which deprives the heart muscle of blood and oxygen. This causes the heart to stop beating and is fatal without immediate medical attention.
Risk Factors of Heart Attacks
Age: Your risk of suffering from a heart attack increases as you get older.
Gender: Men are at a higher risk, but this balances out after women have gone through the menopause.
Family History: If someone in your family has suffered a heart attack, then this puts you at risk of having one too. Speak to your doctor to assess your own risk of experiencing one.
You cannot do anything to alter the risk factors above, but there are some risk factors that you can change to ensure that you are less prone to suffering a heart attack:
- High Cholesterol
- High Blood Pressure
- Being overweight
- Being inactive
- Unhealthy diet
- Stress and depression
Symptoms of a Heart Attack
Some main signs and symptoms of heart attacks include: pale and clammy skin, collapsing, shortness of breath, rapid or irregular pulse, chest pain which travels down the arms or up to the jaw and a blue tinge to the skin, including lips.
How to treat a Heart Attack
- Sit the casualty down on the floor, supporting them if necessary
- Call 999 and ask for an ambulance; tell them that you suspect a heart attack
- Unless allergic, give them 300mg of aspirin and ask them to slowly chew
- Ensure the casualty remains calm and rests whilst the ambulance is on the way
- Be prepared to resuscitate
We hope that this has given you peace of mind on how to effectively respond in a heart attack emergency and you can now enjoy a Holly, Jolly Christmas.
Have a question about Heart Attacks? Simply tweet us @ImpTraining and we’ll be happy to help.