12 Days of Christmas: Burns & Scalds with Buddy the Elf
Date: Wednesday, 05 December 2018. -
Buddy the Elf has passed through the seven levels of the Candy Cane forest and is here to give you your gift for the third day of Christmas: first aid knowledge about burns and scalds!
Burns and scalds are common injuries which, if only mild, can be easily treated at home. Even Buddy the Elf is likely to burn himself at some point while cooking his spaghetti and syrup.
Types of Burn
All types of burns and scalds can cause pain, owing to the number of nerve endings on your skin. The purpose of skin is to help maintain body temperature, retain water and protect the body from injury and infection. Therefore, when it comes to burns, the biggest concern is the high risk of infection and loss of body fluids that can potentially occur.
Superficial Burn (First Degree Burn): This type of burn affects only the outer layer of skin, otherwise known as the epidermis. This is classified as the mildest type of burn, but is still tender to touch and may cause swelling.
Partial-thickness Burn (Second Degree Burn): While this type of burn look and feels very similar to a superficial burn, you will experience blistering of the skin. It is important to remember not to burst these blisters, as their function is to prevent infection.
Full-thickness Burn (Third Degree Burn): A full-thickness burn affects both the epidermis and dermis layers of skin and, as you probably guessed, is the most severe type of burn. A burn like this may look pale, black, charred and waxy and surprisingly will be painless, as the nerve endings will have been burnt away. If you experience this type of burn, you must seek urgent medical attention.
Treating a Burn
1. The first thing you must do after suffering a burn is cool it down, by running it under cold water for a minimum of 10 minutes.
2. You must remove any jewellery, such as watches and rings, before skin tissue begins to swell.
3. Covering the burnt area with clingfilm will help to protect it from infection, however, if this is not available, a non-fluffy sterile dressing will do a similar job.
4. Treat the casualty for shock.
If a child or infant has suffered a burn, regardless of the severity, they must be treated in hospital. In addition to this, all full-thickness burns, burns that extend around the arm or leg or burns involving the face, genitals, hands or feet should be treated by a medical professional.
So, we hope that the gift of this blog gives you a clear idea on how you should treat all types of burns and makes you want to spread Christmas cheer by singing loud for all to hear, just like Buddy!
Have a question about treating burns and scalds? Tweet us @ImpTraining and we’ll be happy to help.